Below is a list of resources where you will find the latest, up to date information and published research about Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), and trends in biosafety and biotechnology.

To find answers to the most common queries on the subject, please visit our FAQ’s page. We will also be uploading electronic copies of our pamphlets, newsletters and training manuals onto this page as they become available.

All documents and their contents may be used to assist stakeholders, but please respect copyright laws and do not use them for commercial purposes or gain.



Sense about Science Article on GMOs
Making Sense of GM: What is the genetic modification of plants and why are scientists doing it? The guide examines how GM has been debated in the past and presents commentary from scientists and agriculturalists.

GMO Myths and Realities
A useful guide debunking common myths and explaining the science behind GMOs in an accessible manner. From:

Biotechnology Infographic
The benefits of Biotechnology explained in an easy to follow infographic by the Genetic Literacy project.

The Seralini study: Scientific proof or spoof?
In this article, the controversial Seralini study on GM safety is discussed. Be part of the conversation, in the online panel.

Safer GMOs
Yale University researchers developed a new way in producing GMOs that are safer for the environment. This was done though the use of synthetic amino acids not found in nature. Researchers refer to it as genomically recoded organisms (GROs). Article published in Nature (image credit).

Making managerial decisions on GMOs is difficult
The precautionary approach of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, if incorporated into legislation of countries
as a precautionary principle (PP), could cause great difficulty in decision‑making on genetically modified

Assessing genetically modified cassava
The importance of food composition in safety assessments of genetically modified (GM) food is described for
cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) that naturally contains significantly high levels of cyanogenic glycoside (CG) toxicants in
roots and leaves.

Biosafety SA biology documents
The conclusions drawn in a biology document only relate to knowledge and experience of plant with no novel traits the species concerned.

On Trial: Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa
Increasing agricultural productivity and adapting farming to climate change are central to Africa’s development prospects. There are important opportunities to enhance yields and increase resilience
through the adoption of improved crop varieties.

New plant breeding techniques State-of-the-art and prospects
The study “New Plant Breeding Techniques: State-of-the-Art and Prospects for Commercial
Development” was carried out in 2010, responding to an initial request from the Directorate General for the Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission, to provide information on the state of adoption and possible economic impact of new plant breeding techniques.

New plant breeding techniques State-of-the-art and prospects
Workshop on NBT for Regulatory Considerations Tokyo, 15 October 2013

Assuring agricultural and food safety of GMOs in South Afric
This literature review has been compiled to give an in-depth understanding into the possible unintended effects of transformation following the production of genetically enhanced plants.

Precise plant breeding using new genome editing techniques
Several new plant breeding techniques (NPBTs) have been developed during the last decade, and make it
possible to precisely perform genome modifications in plants.

How safe does transgenic food need to be?
Disputes over how to assess a foodstuff’s safety continue to play into public fears about transgenic crops.

Guidance for risk assessment of food and feed from genetical
This document provides updated guidance for the risk assessment of food and feed containing,
consisting or produced from genetically modified (GM) plants

Guidance Document of the Scientific Panel on GMOs
The objective of this document is to set the scene with respect to the risk assessment, under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and Directive 2001/18/EC, of Genetically Modified (GM) plants containing stacked transformation events.

GM Science Update
A report to the Council for Science and Technology

New important study
There is disagreement internationally across major regulatory jurisdictions on the relevance and utility of whole food (WF) toxicity studies on GM crops, with no harmonization of data or regulatory requirements. Read more here.